Botulinum Toxin Injection
C botulinum is a gram-positive anaerobic bacterium that produces the botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT). There are 7 neurotoxin serotypes of BoNT: A, B, C (C1 and C2), D, E, F, and G.
Botulinum toxin A is FDA approved to treat various medical conditions including cervical dystonia, blepharospasm, strabismus, upper limb spasticity, hyperhydrosis, and most recently, chronic migraines. The public most commonly recognizes BoNT to be used for cosmetic purposes for the treatment of wrinkles. There are 3 forms of BoNT-A: Ona botulinum toxin A (Botox), Abobotulinum toxin A (Dysport), and Incobotulinum toxin A (Xeomin).