Cervical Facet Joint Injection
Neck pain is common in the general population and even more common in a chronic pain management practice. Studies have estimated the prevalence of neck pain in the general population to be approximately 34%. The prevalence of chronic neck pain, defined as lasting 6 months or longer, has been estimated at approximately 14%.
In 1933, Ghormley coined the term facet syndrome to describe a constellation of symptoms associated with degenerative changes of the lumbar spine. Relatively recently, the term cervical facet syndrome has appeared in the literature and implies axial pain presumably secondary to involvement of the posterior elements of the cervical spine. Many pain generators are located in the cervical spine, including the intervertebral discs, facet joints, ligaments, muscles, and nerve roots. The facet joints have been found to be a possible source of neck pain, and the diagnosis of cervical facet syndrome is often one of exclusion or not considered at all.