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Costochondritis is a type of musculoskeletal anterior chest wall syndrome. It is described as atypical, noncardiac chest pain of the costosternal joints or the costochondral junctions. It is also known as costosternal syndrome or parasternal chondrodynia, but distinct from Tietze syndrome.

Post Mastectomy Pain Syndrome

Several studies have shown that persistent pain after treatment for breast cancer is a common problem, ranging between 25% and 60% depending on definition, measurement, and methods of treatment. The term refers to pain in and around the area of surgery lasting beyond three months after surgery when all other causes of pain such as recurrence have been ruled out. Persistent pain after treatment has a considerable negative influence on the quality of life in breast cancer survivors.

Post Herpetic Neuralgia

Post-herpetic neuralgia occurs when the pain associated with shingles becomes chronic. Definitions of post-herpetic neuralgia differ in terms of the time of onset and duration of pain, and this has resulted in difficulty estimating the prevalence of the disease. One source estimates that approximately 20% of people older than 50 years will develop post-herpetic neuralgia, despite antiviral treatment beginning within 72 hours of rash onset.

Intercostal Neuralgia

Intercostal neuralgia refers to a neuropathic condition involving the intercostal nerves, manifesting as intense dysesthetic pain, e.g., sharp, shooting, or burning in quality. The pain is localized to one or more of the intercostal spaces. Because the pain can span the chest or upper abdomen, afflicted patients may become alarmed about the possibility of having an underlying serious condition from a visceral origin, e.g., myocardial infarction or gallbladder-related pain, and thus may be apt to solicit medical attention.