• Area affected

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Morton’s Neuroma

Morton's neuroma is a benign fibrotic thickening of a plantar interdigital nerve that is a response to irritation. Also known as Morton's metatarsalgia, Morton's entrapment, interdigital neuroma, intermetatarsal neuroma, and interdigital nerve compression syndrome, it is not a true neuroma, as the condition is a degenerative process rather than a neoplastic process. The mean age at presentation is 55 years. It is 4-15 times more common in women than in men.

Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathic Pain (DPNP)

Diabetes is a worldwide epidemic, and associated neuropathy is its most costly and disabling complication. Painful diabetic neuropathy is a common condition that will only increase as the diabetes epidemic grows. All phy­sicians need to be aware of this under-recognized condition. Given the rising prevalence of painful diabetic neuropathy, it is increasingly important that we understand the best ways to diagnose and treat this condition. Diagnostic tests in this field are evolving rapidly.

Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles tendinitis exists along the spectrum of peritendinitis to tendinosis or tendinopathy. This is a painful, swollen, and tender area of the Achilles tendon and peritenon usually secondary to repetitive activity or overuse.


Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common condition to affect synovial joints and causes significant dysfunction and disability. Because osteoarthritis increases significantly with age, it was long considered to be a degenerative disease that was an inevitable consequence of ageing and trauma. However, it is viewed now as a metabolically dynamic process characterized by an imbalance of joint breakdown in association with a maladaptive and insufficient repair process.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis, reportedly the most common cause of pain in the inferior heel, is estimated to account for 11 to 15 percent of all foot symptoms requiring professional care among adults. Plantar fasciitis has been reported to account for about 10 percent of injuries that occur in connection with running and is common among military personnel. The incidence reportedly peaks in people between the ages of 40 and 60 years in the general population and in younger people among runners. The condition is bilateral in up to a third of cases.